- Button Grecian
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The Science school at Hertford was very early for girls to have such facilities, and I think we were lucky to have specialist teachers for each of the three main sciences. I wonder when that started?
Don't worry about the world coming to an end today. It's already tomorrow in Australia!
- Deputy Grecian
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- Real Name: Mike Adams
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If an egg falls on a stone: alas for the egg
- Button Grecian
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- Real Name: David Charles Rawlins
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He was scathing about some of my results in medical research; he had not appreciated the wide variability of biological data.
He was also involved in the local coastguard service, and possibly navy.
His son was in PA 79-85.
Jonathan Osborne will almost certainly speak on the heuristic method and CH. But he may not mention how the heuristic method came about, with its origins in the second half of the 19th century.
Prof HE Armstrong had Chas E Browne as an acolyte and (since Armstrong was a Governor of CH, appointed by the Royal Society) HEA ensured that CEB was appointed to head CH Science in 1899. In CH at Newgate Street he taught science in a disused dormitory. HEA was instrumental in designing the first scientific labs at CH Horsham. This was unique in public schools for some years and CH was much visited in the first decade of the 20th century by teachers from other public schools. The heuristic method was developed by CEB, with influence from HEA. Then G Van Praagh, carried it further in chemistry. Osborne will probably mention this. But he may not recount the next para.
All this came about because HEA had spent time studying chemistry in Germany. In 1867 he attended the Paris International Exhibition. He realised from both experiences that the technical education in Germany and France far surpassed that of the UK, for Germany had its trade schools and technical high schools and France its Grandes Ecoles. The UK had no equivalent, for most science was then a gentlemanly occupation. Hence HEA set up an establishment to teach teachers of science. CEB was a pupil there and then a demonstrator. In 1856 WH Perkin (a British chemist) had discovered the first aniline dye (mauveine) and because of industrial adaptations by Germans, a large and profitable German industry was established, and the UK users of their industrial dyes had to pay very large royalties to use a British invention.* So because the UK had an extensive textile industry the drawbacks of UK’s lack of technical education were quickly realised and this was rubbed in by the Paris Exhibition. HEA resolved to do something about this. Hence the rest of the story, involving CEB and CH, with economic influences that few appreciate.
* By coincidence a similar thing happened with penicillin (which has no direct CH connection to my knowledge). It was discovered in the UK (resulting in Nobel prizes for Fleming, Florey and Chain), but Florey would not permit it to be patented. (“we must not restrict application of its benefits to mankind ...... “). A US company established a method to allow industrial scale production and so all UK users had to pay large royalties for the final product. The original lab method was totally unsuitable for large scale production. So much for certain idealists.
Two useful refs
1. ‘Education and the Economy. 1870-1939’ by M Sanderson. Recent Findings of Res in Economic & Social Hist, 17, 1993, 1-4.
2. When Science & Poetry were Friends”, Freeman Dyson, NY Review of books, Aug13, vol 56, no 13, pp 15-18. (This is a review of “The Age of Wonder: How the Romantic Generation discovered the Beauty and Terror of Science”: Richard Holmes, Pantheon, NY, 2008.)
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